5th wheels appeal to many outdoor enthusiasts due to their stability, maneuverability, big space, and storage. Your trailer’s weight will determine the tow vehicle you’ll need and the type of hitch you require to pull your trailer smoothly. Therefore, it’s important to directly confirm your truck’s towing capacity from your car’s manufacturer before towing or purchasing a trailer.
Table of Contents
Is Pin Weight the Same as Payload?
Payload and pin weight is not the same thing. Pin weight refers to the amount of weight a trailer places on the hitch of a truck, while the payload is the weight being pulled. However, it would be best if you considered both weight measurements before towing an RV to avoid problems or losing control on the road.
What is Pin Weight?
Pin weight refers to the pressure or weight applied to the hitch in your truck’s bed from the 5th wheel king pin. It is the extra weight added to your towing vehicle without counting the weight of the trailer getting pulled.
For instance, your towing vehicle can weigh1200lbs without any trailer attached to it and 1700lbs when you attach a trailer. A trailer’s pin weight can change. For instance, there will be less weight on the trailer’s hitch when you move things to the back of your trailer, reducing the pin weight.
What Does Payload Weight Mean?
Payload refers to the amount of weight that your car can comfortably pull. For trucks, it’s the amount of weight one can safely add to a truck’s bed. The payload includes the people inside the car, and the luggage carried in the vehicle. Therefore, the more people you have inside your vehicle, the lower the weight amount it can pull on its hitch.
The pin weight or hitch weight of your 5th wheel plus the hitch’s weight plus all accessories on the truck’s bed should not exceed the vehicle’s payload capacity. Confirm the payload capacity of your vehicle with your car’s manufacturer before towing a trailer.
What is a 5th Wheel Hitch, and How Does it Work?
A 5th Wheel hitch refers to a horizontal wheel found on the cargo frame that allows you to securely attach trailers to the rear of large vehicles, such as over-the-road and heavy-duty trucks. It is particularly designed for flatbed trucks and beds of vans. 5th wheel hitches have a weight capacity between 550 and 770 Kg and a towing capacity ranging between 5500 and 9000 Kg and are installed above a truck’s rear axle.
A 5th wheel hitch normally works by bolting a kingpin in the truck’s lockjaw. Kingpins are similar to hitch couplers and are attached to trailers, but the locking jaw serves as the hitch’s receiver.
Can I Remove a 5th Wheel Hitch?
Yes, you can remove a 5th wheel hitch. A gooseneck, 5th wheel hitch sits in the center of the truck bed, and it can support a lot of weight in this area. It also makes it easy to turn around in areas with tight corners.
Is Pin Weight the Same as Hitch Weight?
Although pin weight is also referred to as tongue weight and hitch weight, pin weight is more preferred when pulling large trailers that need a dedicated 5th wheel hitch.
Nevertheless, you can use these terms interchangeably. After all, both the pin weight and hitch weight contribute to your vehicle’s payload calculations.
Does Hitch Weight Take Into Account Payload?
You need to factor in hitch weight when calculating the payload. However, many people only consider the trailer’s weight when calculating their vehicle’s payload, which is a huge mistake that can result in losing control.
When looking at the overall contribution of a trailer to your truck’s payload, you need to consider your trailer’s body weight and pin weight.
Calculating your vehicle’s hitch weight will help you know the precise payload amount you’re towing. If you fail to calculate your hitch weight before towing a trailer, you risk going over your vehicle’s payload rating, which can significantly contribute to the breakdown of your truck.
How Do I Calculate My Vehicle’s Hitch or Pin Weight?
How you load up your trailer will change the overall pin weight of your vehicle. Therefore, you cannot just depend on the pin weight amount provided by your vehicle’s manufacturer. Look for a scale to weigh your vehicle to determine its pin weight.
Start by weighing the truck without a trailer attached to it to know the base weight. Next, weigh the vehicle after attaching the trailer. Subtract your second weight from the initial weight, and you’ll get your pin weight. The recommended pin weight amount is 15%-25% of the gross trailer weight (GTW) that your hitch is graded for.
If the calculated pin weight is higher than your hitch’s rating, then you’ll need to make some adjustments in your truck. Manufacturers normally rate hitches up to a specific amount for a reason. If the weight is too heavy, your hitch might break, leaving you with a broken-down trailer or camper in the middle of nowhere.
How Can I Reduce Pin or Hitch Weight
Every hitch has a maximum weight on it. Therefore, if you are approaching the pin weight amount indicated on your hitch, you can make some adjustments inside your trailer to ensure you are within the quoted range.
The only way to minimize pin weight is by moving some of the items to the back part of your trailer. Make sure to place the heavy items behind the axles of your vehicle. This way, you’ll be placing more pressure on your trailer instead of adding weight to the hitch of your truck.
Payload weight and pin weight are two different measurements used when determining the towing capacity of a vehicle. Pin weight refers to the weight exerted on a vehicle’s hitch by a trailer, while the payload is the overall weight being pulled.
These weight measurements can help you determine if your vehicle can effectively haul your camper trailer or 5th wheel.
Knowing how much your vehicle can carry, either in the towing capacity or payload, will give you a rough idea of how to pack your trailer.
The total weight of your camping trailer will significantly determine the kind of tow truck you will need and the hitch type that you should install to successfully and safely pull your trailer.